UDC 355.58(4-672EU)
Biblid: 1451-3188, 20 (2021)
Vol. 20, No 76, pp. 57-67
DOI: https://doi.org/10.18485/iipe_ez.2021.20.76.4

Оriginal article
Received: 01 Jun 2021
Accepted: 22 Oct 2021

THE COMMISSION’S IMPLEMENTING DECISION AEUB 2019/1310 OF 31 JULY 2019 ESTABLISHING RULES FOR THE OPERATIONS OF THE EUROPEAN CIVIL PROTECTION POOL AND RESCEU

JAZIĆ Aleksandar (dr Aleksandar Jazić, naučni saradnik, Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd), jazic@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

The European Union is making constant efforts to strengthen the organization of civil protection in order to protect people’s lives, material goods, economic capacity, and the environment more effectively. The nature of emergency situations has changed over time, and the European Union\'s civil protection system needs to be upgraded. That is why the European Union has taken certain steps to strengthen its own capacities and be ready to provide an effective response in the event of an emergency situation. It was necessary to strengthen the capacities for prevention, preparation, and efficient response to emergency situations. For that reason, the EU has reformed the existing system in the field of organization of available capacities. That is why the European Civil Protection Fund was formed. In addition, the EU wanted to reduce shortcomings in the civil protection system itself while maintaining its effectiveness. That is why the rescEU was formed as a reserve of capacities that should be used to respond effectively to emergency situations and disasters. The European Commission has a leading role in the organization and functioning of these two parts of the civil protection system. Their operation takes place on a voluntary basis, and decisions are made in mutual coordination between the European Commission and the Member States.

Keywords: civil protection, emergency situations, disasters, European Union, European Commission, European Union Civil Protection Mechanism, European Civil Protection Fund, rescEU.