УДК 327(497.11:4-672EU)
Библид: 1451-3188, 17 (2018)
Vol. 18, No 63, стр. 9-21

Изворни научни рад
Примљено: 09 Mar 2023
Прихваћено: 09 Mar 2023


Zečević Slobodan (Институт за европске студије, Београд), vzecevic@eunet.rs

The Serbian state within the SFR Yugoslavia and its intelligence unwillingly welcomed the disappearance of the bipolar division in Europe in the late 1980s, which was followed by the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, there was a decline in the reputation of the Serbian people acquired during its glorious past. In the subject study, the author starts from the view that in the past decades the European determinant of Serbian foreign policy had negative effects on territorial integrity, economic and social development and modernization of the country. With the signing of the Stabilization and Association Agreement in 2008, relations between Serbia and the European Union grew from the interstate into the relations of an integrative nature. The process of joining the European Union requires a comprehensive social transformation and the transfer of state sovereignty from national to European institutions, which means that certain laws or decisions will no longer be made in Belgrade, but in Brussels. Relations with Russia and China that are of great importance for Serbia are bilateral, interstate, and therefore they have a lower intensity compared to the European integration process. Therefore, for the foreign policy of Serbia, the accession to the European Union is of primary, and the interstate cooperation with Russia and China is of secondary importance. The development of cooperation with these two countries can take place within frameworks that do not jeopardize the primary goal of Serbian foreign policy.

Кључне речи: foreign policy of Serbia, bipolar world, multipolar world, European Union, the process of joining the European Union, alternatives in the foreign policy of Serbia, primary and secondary goals of Serbian foreign policy