УДК 627.51(4-672EU)
Библид: 1451-3188, 15 (2016)
Vol. 16, No 58, стр. 152-163
ДОИ:

Изворни научни рад
Примљено: 01 Jan 1970
Прихваћено: 01 Jan 1970

ПОЛИТИКА ЕВРОПСКЕ УНИЈЕ У ОБЛАСТИ ЗАШТИТЕ ОД ПОПЛАВА

Jazić Aleksandar (Институт за међународну политику и привреду, Београд), jazic@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

Natural disasters are becoming more frequent and dangerous phenomenon. The main cause of this condition is globalization and very fast industrialization and technological development related to it. The main result of these circumstances is climate changes, which cause transformation of eco-system on the planet. The climate changes could be clearly noticed through a more often phenomenon of floods. Today, floods are a natural disaster that often causes very wide conditions. The consequences of floods are extremely harmful and cause endangering of human lives, material goods and the environment. Elimination of flood side effects is a long and costly process. The main goal in this process is restoring affected areas to previous conditions. Emergency situations arise when natural disasters reach a certain volume. It often happens that the emergency situation in one country spread to neighboring countries. Then an emergency situation gets a regional character. That is why the competent institutions of the European Union realize the danger of floods, or the occurrence of emergency situations, very seriously. In order to prevent flooding and reducing its consequences, the European Union is developing its own policies in this area. In the first place is the analysis of the problem of flooding in the territory of the European Union in order to adopt an efficient approach. This is a prerequisite in protection policymaking from the occurrence of floods. The longterm approach requires the development of capacities for flood management in order to limit the occurrence and negative consequences of floods, and the competent institutions of the European Union are making great efforts in this direction.

Кључне речи: floods, flood protection, natural disasters, globalization, emergency situations, European Union, legislation