Изворни научни рад
Примљено: 01 Jan 1970
Прихваћено: 01 Jan 1970
АНАЛИЗА ЗАКОНОДАВСТВА РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРБИЈЕ, БОСНЕ И ХЕРЦЕГОВИНЕ И ЦРНЕ ГОРЕ У ОБЛАСТИ УПРАВЉАЊА ОТПАДОМ – У СВЕТЛУ ЕВРОПСКИХ ИНТЕГРАЦИЈА
Todić Dragoljub (Институт за међународну политику и привреду, Београд),
Ignjatić Mladenka (Центар за одрживи развој и европске студије, Београд)
There are several reasons that contribute to the assessment that waste management is one of the more serious systemic problems, both in the EU and in the countries comprised by this analysis: Republic of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (The Republic of Srpska, Federation of BiH) and Montenegro. The complexity of this problem largely stems from its strong relationship with many other issues in the area of environment, specificities, and state of the economic structure of each individual state, etc. The key policy directions, in the framework of the EU, are defined in a special strategic document (A Thematic Strategy on waste prevention and recycling). Waste Management Legislation is among the most developed. It can be said that under the influence of the European integration process, relatively similar development levels of internal regulations in the field of waste management are achieved in all countries which regulations were analyzed. In legal systems of the countries of the region, policies and regulations in the field of waste management are singled out in a separate entity, within the policies and regulations in the field of environment. All countries (in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina in entities) have adopted specific laws which for their basic object of regulating have the field of waste management. The Appropriate number of subordinate legislation was adopted. Only in Serbia, packaging and packaging waste management is governed by a special law, while in other countries it is done by secondary legislation. All countries of the region are members of the Basel Convention on the Controlling Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, as well as other key international agreements in the field of waste management, or relevant to the field of waste management. Regulations in all countries define the principles of waste management, mainly in accordance with the principles defined in the relevant EU regulations. The legal systems of all countries foresee the adoption of appropriate strategic documents (Serbia and Federation of BiH already have special strategic documents in the field of waste management, while Montenegro and the Republic of Srpska planned its adoption). The Legal framework for the application of licenses for conducting activities in the field of waste management is established. According to the European Commission appraisal, the level of harmonization of national legislation with EU legislation is different, requiring serious upcoming activities in the field of their further harmonization and creating conditions for consistent application.
Кључне речи: European Union, Republic of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Srpska, Federation of BiH, Montenegro, waste management, environment, legislation