Изворни научни рад
Примљено: 13 Mar 2023
Прихваћено: 13 Mar 2023
ПРОПИСИ ЕВРОПСКЕ УНИЈЕ О ГЕНЕТСКИ МОДИФИКОВАНИМ ОРГАНИЗМИМА
Dabović Dušan (Министарство пољопривреде, шумарства и водопривреде – Управа за заштиту биља, Београд), firstname.lastname@example.org
To ensure that the development of modern biotechnology, particularly of technology of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), takes place in complete safety for all citizens of the Member States of the Community, the European Union has established a detailed legal framework which is mainly composed of regulations. Thus, the entire territory has been covered by the identical legislation in this area. The main act is the Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed, which provides a general legal framework of genetically modified food and feed. The Regulation aims to ensure a high level of protection of life and environment, while ensuring that the internal market functions efficiently. The Regulation was adopted together with the Regulation (EC) 1830/2003 which provides traceability and labelling of GMO products on the market. In addition, there was adopted Directive 2001/18/EC on the deliberate release of GMOs into the environment, which provides principles and detailed procedures for the experimental introduction into the environment and placing on the market of GMOs. Also, in this are the Regulation was adopted, which defines the universal code for labelling GMOs, the Regulation on the transboundary movement of GMOs, the Directive on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms as well as a guidance on the application of the legislation and guidelines for users in order to ensure the coexistence of genetically modified, conventional and organic crops. In addition, a number of legal acts were adopted which amended the legislations.
Кључне речи: Genetically modified organisms (GMOs), biotechnology, agriculture, food safety and labelling