УДК 902:340.13](44)
Библид: 1451-3188, 12 (2013)
Vol. 13, No 43-44, стр. 408-418
ДОИ:

Изворни научни рад
Примљено: 01 Jan 1970
Прихваћено: 01 Jan 1970

ПРЕВЕНТИВНА АРХЕОЛОГИЈА У СЛУЖБИ ЗАШТИТЕ ГРАДИТЕЉСКОГ НАСЛЕЂА КРОЗ ПРИМЕР ВАЖЕЋЕ ЗАКОНСКЕ РЕГУЛАТИВЕ ФРАНЦУСКЕО РАЗЛОЗИМА И УСЛОВИМА НАСТАНКА ПРЕВЕНТИВНЕ АРХЕОЛОГИЈЕ У ЕУ

Mirić Aleksandra (Institut de Recherche sur l’Architecture Antique, Université Lyon 2), aleksandramiric@yahoo.com
Kurtović Folić Nađa (Факултет техничких наука, Универзитет у Новом Саду), nfolic@uns.ac.rs

Large number of existing archaeological sites are endangered by development of urban and rural infrastructure and other construction works. With disturbance of stratigraphy of the ground and damaging of construction elements, the readability of archaeological remainings and, therefore, possibilities for scientific research are compromised. Such damage can lead to irreversible loss of precious data and valuable artifacts from the past. Preventive archaeological research today is an obligatory element and precondition to realization of infrastructural and construction work of larger scales in most of the countries of European Union. One of the examples is France that regulated this issue through legislation and institutions by adopting the Law on preventive archaeology in 2001. In the same year National Institute for Preventive Archaeology of France (INRAP) is established. This article presents the analyses of valuable and applicable solutions of above mentioned Law, as well as comparison with Law on Cultural Heritage from 1994. Analyze will present the level of effectiveness of legislation in two countries, primarily concerning development of research in the field of preventive archaeology. It will also present the effects which preventive archaeology has on development of archaeological science as independent scientific branch, as well as influences on protection, preservation and presentation of cultural heritage.

Кључне речи: Law on preventive archaeology, Protection of built heritage, France, Law on Cultural Heritage, Serbia