UDC 502.171:546.212 626/628
Biblid: 1451-3188, 21 (2022)
Vol. 21, No 80, pp. 209-218
DOI: https://doi.org/10.18485/iipe_ez.2022.21.80.13

Оriginal article
Received: 06 Nov 2022
Accepted: 15 Nov 2022


NEŠKOVIĆ Slobodan (Univerzitet Privredna akademija u Novom Sadu, Fakultet za evropske pravnopolitičke studije, Univerzitet „Sveti Kiril i Metodij” Veliko Trnovo, Bugarska), slobneskovic@gmail.com

Water is a natural resource that is essential for the survival of mankind. In the modern geopolitical and security environment, water becomes a strategically important natural resource whose exploitation determines the direction of social development but also social crises, political disputes, and even armed conflicts. Focusing on the importance of water at the beginning of the 21st century, the author discusses the security problems related to the management and protection of water. This topic has become increasingly relevant during the process of accession to the European Union since the problems related to the protection of water and the environment, in general, have become more pronounced. Consequently, the fulfilment of EU safety standards in the field of water is an increasingly important condition for European integration. Starting from the assumption that water will eventually become one of the biggest geopolitical and security challenges for the entire world, the author concludes that for its rational use, something more orderly should be introduced, i.e., rules that would be applied internally so that states could optimally dispose of water resources. The special efforts made at the level of the EU and the United Nations, as well as other relevant international organisations and bodies, only speak in favour of this way of thinking, which takes care of the preservation of national interests and international security.

Keywords: Geopolitics, security, water, strategy, EU, United Nations