UDC 344.26(4-672EU)(4-12)
Biblid: 1451-3188, 18 (2019)
Vol. 18, No 67, pp. 47-64

Оriginal article
Received: 01 May 2019
Accepted: 15 May 2019


IVANIĆ Valentina (Cultural Due Diligence Institute, Novi Sad), valentina.ivanic@sbb.rs

Entrepreneurial policies in the EU were embedded in the EU 2020 Strategy devoted to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. That announced the readiness of the EU to change the current entrepreneurial conceptual as well as the methodological paradigm in favour of the Schumpeterian type of entrepreneurship centered on innovativeness. When it comes to the sector oriented entrepreneurship policies they were devised with the aim to boost the fertility of the SMEs, but also with the aim to encourage the growth of the high growth companies in the European Union. The European Union prefers being “the most innovative region in the world,\" which allows us to reveal their twofold macroeconomic aims: more jobs, and sustainable as well as innovative economic growth. When it comes to the SEE region, it is important to note that the SEE 2020 Strategy was adopted in 2013 with the aim to encourage the SEE economies in their EU accession process. The SEE 2020 Strategy was prepared based on the principles inherent for the EU 2020 Strategy, taking into account limitation linked with the SEE stage of the economic and social development. One of the most important aims of the SEE 2020 Strategy is centered on more jobs in the SEE region, which allows us to conclude about the preference towards the completely different desirable type of entrepreneurship in the region, known as Knight’s Type of entrepreneurship. These findings were confirmed by the SEE population perceptions, presented in the Public Opinion Research (Public Opinion Barometer - Balkan Barometer) about a stronger willingness to work for the public sector instead for the private sector. Based on the fact that the Republic of Serbia is a part of the functional southeast European region, entrepreneurial policies in Serbia were devised with the aim to provide more jobs. The entrepreneurship policies devised in the Republic of Serbia were observed and created as an active labour policy tool, instead of the competitiveness and the development drivers. The entrepreneurial policies in the Republic of Serbia were created without regulatory impact analysis. They are mainly horizontal, devoted to the creation of the necessary preconditions for the SMEs fertility issues, rather than the vertical devoted to the innovative high growth companies with strong growth potentials. One of the main findings of the impact of the entrepreneurial policies in the Republic of Serbia on the business sector working conditions revealed strong preferences of the Serbian respondents towards the work for the public sector instead for the private.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship Policies, European Union, South East Europe Region, Serbia, entrepreneurial inclinations