UDC 343.271/.272: 340.134(4)
Biblid: 1451-3188, 16 (2017)
Vol. 17, No 60, pp. 75-85

Оriginal article
Received: 01 Jan 1970
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970


Pavlović Mirjana (Висока школа струковних студија за криминалистику и безбедност, Ниш), mirjana_985@yahoo.com

In the structure of crime in all states, property crime is predominant. In order to suppress and prevent crime in general, and especially property crime, modern criminal legislation is providing a system of different criminal sanctions. Property criminal law measures stand out from the system of criminal sanctions. In this paper, a concept, types, characteristic and other features of property criminal law measures are analyzed within the criminal law of some countries of Eastern Europe (Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Russia). Property criminal law measures are: fine, confiscation of property, dispossession of an object, confiscation and seizure of assets derived from a criminal activity. A fine is prescribed in all of the analyzed criminal codes. This is a monetary penalty, which a court or a public prosecutor (Latvia) impose at the perpetrator of a criminal offence within the limits prescribed by criminal codes. There are several systems of determining the fines: penal sum in daily amounts, proportional system and system of average salaries. A fine is imposed at the adult and juvenile offenders in the criminal legislation of the countries of Eastern Europe. Other property criminal law measures in the criminal legislation of the countries of Eastern Europe are: confiscation of property and dispossession of an object. Confiscation of property is the compulsory alienation of property without compensation (Latvia, Belarus). There are complete and partial confiscations of property. And finally, dispossession of an object is a measure used to confiscate the objects used to commit a criminal act, objects used for the preparation of a criminal offense and objects received as a gift for an offense. Property criminal law measures have an important role in the fight against crime, especially property crime.

Keywords: property criminal law measures, criminal law, criminal sanction, European legislation, Eastern European states