Received: 01 Jan 1970
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970
ZAŠTITA DIVLjIH PTICA U PRAVU EVROPSKE UNIJE
Batričević Ana (Институт за криминолошка и социолошка истраживања, Грачаничка 18, 11 000 Београд), email@example.com
Conservation and improvement of wild birds population is of extreme importance for the survival of entire ecosystems, but for sustainable development of agriculture hunting, tourism and other economic branches. Birds are among the first animal species to be protected under international legal provisions and on the EU level, this protection was provided in 1979 through the adoption of Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of Wild Birds, which is still in force after several alterations and amendments. Although the implementation of the Directive has had some positive effects and in spite of the fact that the EU member states are signatories of several international documents relevant to the protection of birds, the condition of population of some wild bird species in Europe is still disturbing. Birds are often objects of various criminal activities such as: illegal hunting (poaching), illegal import or export, smuggling and illegal trade, consequences of which include radical decrease in their number as well as the violation of complete ecological balance. Besides, destruction and deterioration of their natiral habitats, primarily due to irrational, unplanned and unsustainable exploitation of natural resources, rapid and uncontrolled urbanization and spreading of traffic networks, keep contributing to the worsening of conditions in this field. Having in mind the attempts of the Republic of Serbia to harmonize its legislation in the aria of environment protection with the standards of the Community Law, the author analyzes the provisions of Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of Wild Birds, points out positive effects of its application and gives concrete suggestions for the improvement of legal protection of birds in general, through prevention and sanctioning of particular illegal activities, with review of current state in the Republic of Serbia.
Keywords: European Union, Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds, Environment. Birds, Protection of Birds