Received: 01 Jan 1970
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970
ZAŠTITA ZEMLjIŠTA U PRAVU EVROPSKE UNIJE I REPUBLIKE SRBIJE
The paper highlights the importance of the soil policy and law in the European Union and the Republic of Serbia. The paper starts with the assessment of the condition of the soil in Europe and the causes and consequences of soil degradation. It is emphasized that policy and regulations of the European Union in the field of soil have not been adequately developed. Therefore, for the consideration of the situation in this area there should be taken into account numerous others EU legislations in the field of the environmental protection, which are important for the soil protection. There have been especially perceived objectives and content of the measures prescribed by the EU Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection (2006) and Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the protection of soil and amending Directive 2004/35/EC. The importance of EU legislation in the area of soil protection for the Republic of Serbia is considered within the context of two factors: the current state of soil resources and the status of national law and the obligation of the Republic of Serbia to harmonize national legislation with the EU’s. From the normative point of view, several groups of Serbian legislation contains provisions that are important for the protection and management of the soil (water, forests, agriculture, urban planning and construction, mining and geological research, industrial pollution, air protection, chemical management, waste management, etc). In recent years significant progress has been made in respect of harmonizing national legislation with the EU, but there are significant problems in its implementation.
Keywords: EU Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, Soil Framework Directive, Soil protection, Environment, EU regulations, Regulations of the Republic of Serbia, Harmonization of national regulations