UDC 502.171:546.212:340.114:061.1](497.11)
Biblid: 1451-3188, 11 (2012)
Vol. 12, No 41, pp. 232-245
DOI:

Оriginal article
Received: 01 Jan 1970
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970

COMPARATIVE REVIEW OF LEGISLATION OF WATER IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

Spalević Žaklina (Правни факултет, Универзитет Синергија, Бијељина), zspalevic@sinergija.ba
Knežević Mirjana (Економски факултет Универзитета у Крагујевцу), knezevic8@ptt.rs
Komnenić Milovan (Правни факултет за привреду и правосуђе, Нови Сад.)

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is the basic legal document that defines the protection and conservation of water in Europe and provides its high quality and long-term use, the exact standards set by the Member States must reach the established date. The Directive applies to the surface, transitional, coastal and groundwater. Water protection in the Republic of Serbia is legally regulated by the Law on Environmental Protection and Water Act. The Law on Environmental Protection has defined adoption of the National Strategy for Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and the National Environmental Protection Programme as the main strategic documents. This law introduces the categories of areas of special interest in the field of environmental protection. Government is the competent authority to set criteria, and identifies areas of special state interest in protecting the environment, and the amount and method of payment for environmental pollution in these areas. Water Act regulates the legal status of the waters, integrated water management, water facilities and water land, resources and financing of water services, as well as other issues of importance to water management. Existing regulations should be a legal basis for further upgrades in the field, with the aim of ensuring water quality, water management, irrigation and the fight against drought. In the field of water harmonization of legislation of the Republic of Serbia with the legislation of the European Union, which is primarily related to the process of intensive care environment, is developing in the direction of harmonization of the legal status of the concept of water as a strategic resource in Europe.

Keywords: Water Framework Directive of the European Parliament and the Council (2000/60/EC), the protection and conservation of water in the EU and the Republic of Serbia, national water legislation