Received: 01 Jan 1970
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970
FINANSIRANjE MEĐUNARODNOG TERORIZMA KAO GLOBALNOG FENOMENA
Bjelajac Željko (Ванредни професор, Правни факултет за привреду и правосуђе у Новом Саду),
Matijašević Jelena (Доцент, Правни факултет за привреду и правосуђе у Новом Саду)
Dimitrijević Duško (Виши научни сарадник и директор Института за међународну политику и привреду у Београду)
For a long time terrorism has stopped being only an internal security matter states should deal with themselves. Contemporary forms of terrorism are characterised by territorial expansion, encompassing of whole world regions, then its increase and intensification in committing terrorist acts. Financing of terrorism is a subtle process providing funds with the aim of committing terrorist activities. Today, terrorism is financed through various forms of legal and illegal business and by committing various criminal acts in the field of traditional, political and economic criminality. In the international practice, it is not unusual that terrorist acts are financed through donations by anonymous individuals and then also through some religious, humanitarian and non-governmental organisations. Although the state should be one of the basic pillars in the fight against terrorism in some cases funding of terrorists, terrorist organisation, groups and factions is also provided from government “secret funds“ instigating illegal activities of some government bodies. In this study, we have concisely presented the relevance of some forms and methods of funding of terrorist organisations. Since this is a very complex subject, in this paper, we have also mentioned some general determinants related to terrorism as well as to its distinctiveness and relevance of its connection with organised crime, cyber crime and money laundering and with some very important criminal activities through which the money gained in an illegal way is often being made legal. As could be clearly concluded from the analysis, Serbia should harmonise its legislation with the provisions of the most important European Union legal acts, which, among other things, have been mentioned in this study. In this regard, the domestic legislation should follow the European standards that prescribe special restrictive measures against certain persons and bodies in the fight against terrorism. In the way mentioned above, Serbia could contribute to the implementation of preventive and prohibitive measures preventing funding of terrorist acts not only in its region but also in the territory of the European Union and in the broader international community as well.
Keywords: Terrorism, international terrorism, sources of funding of terrorist organisations, organised criminality, cyber crime, money laundering, Serbia, European Union